Different Developmental Milestones of a Baby

When you bring home a baby from the hospital after birth, you spend the next few months spending time with them and bonding. You get to watch them grow and develop into bigger babies or smaller adults. As babies grow and develop there are certain milestones they reach that signify a new stage in their lives. Some of these milestones are when they start to walk, learn to talk or even wave for the first time. As we can’t discuss all today we will discuss two major milestones, walking, and potty training. The former happens on its own while the latter you have to work at it and do a couple or more rounds of cleaning before its a success.

Walking

This milestone first happens around 9 to 18 months and for some babies that love to be in a hurry, they can start walking as early as 7 months. Those first tiny steps represent a huge developmental leap. Walking requires muscle strength, coordination, balance  — and a certain level of emotional maturity, too. After all, when you’re crawling, your center of gravity is just a few inches off the ground. To walk you need to have a bit more confidence. That’s why some beginning walkers are content to cruise along the furniture for weeks. The more eager hike away and never look back. During this time, you should also focus on Babying Your Baby’s Feet. Don’t rush to buy shoes or other footwear before doing your research first and many doctors encourage you to let your babies feet be free and bare or wear them socks only while they learn to walk indoors. After what seems like ages watching your baby attempt to master this skill, the pride you’ll feel when he finally does is overwhelming. But because this milestone is so big  — and so unmistakable — parents tend to invest a lot of significance in it and rightfully so. However, if you baby hasn’t started to walk after the 12 months or more, don’t panic. Many kids like to take their time, just keep doing what you’re doing and keep being a loving doting parent and they will eventually reach the walking milestone.

Potty Training

Now isn’t this just so much fun. First off, for babies when they are below 12 months or below 18 months or more they are still breastfeeding and using diapers. There’s no doubt heard that breastfed babies poop messy, runny, French’s-mustard-colored and sometimes green colored stools at every feeding, but again, this becomes true only after about the first week. Immediately postpartum, babies produce a thick, black tar-like poop called meconium (this may happen in the hospital, so you may not see it). Then as breast milk and/or formula begin to make their way through the system, the stools become brown and pasty. Formula-fed babies will continue to poop this way (though it becomes more formed, and the color may vary), while breastfed babies will go on to the thinner, yellow, seedy variety of legend. The next fun feature about baby poop you’ll find yourself obsessing over is how often to expect it. Again, many breastfed babies have a bowel movement during or after almost every feeding. However, this truism does not apply to all. Formula-fed babies are definitely less frequent poopers, and may even go as little as every few days. This behavior usually sends grandparents into a total panic, and by default new parents as well. Because babies are also notoriously loud poopers—straining, grunting and getting very red-faced—all of this can add up to major anxiety about the big C: constipation. Try to tune Grandma out on this one: Babies are seldom constipated. Like adults, infants are unique in their bowel habits, and your pediatrician is likely to dismiss your concerns. As long as the poop is soft when it eventually arrives, your baby will be diagnosed as quite normal. Another related myth along these same lines pertains to the iron content in formula. As you yourself may have experienced very recently, iron supplements can be, well, binding in adults. Not so with babies, and don’t be tempted by low-iron formulas (which most medical experts think should be pulled from the market). Full-iron formulas are essential for your baby’s brain development and will not constipate him. Nor will the iron supplements your pediatrician prescribes for your baby if he’s being breastfed. Don’t let anyone tell you otherwise.

Now that we’ve had this fun conversation about poop, let’s talk about the potty training milestone. This is one milestone that you have to motivate and push your baby to achieve.  You also have to start at the right time when you sense that your kid is ready. If you start too early it might end up really frustrating for both you and your kid and start late is not a good idea either. There’s no point in trying to get a head start. When parents begin potty training too soon, the process is likely to take longer, In other words, you’ll arrive at your destination at the same time, no matter when you start. So before you begin, you may want to see more general tips on how to start potty training and use our checklist to find out whether your son is ready or not.  While some kids are ready as young as 18 months, others may not be prepared to learn until when they are toddlers. Some experts believe that boys are in diapers a bit longer than girls because they’re generally more active and may less likely to stop and take the time to use the potty.

You need to set time aside (like one weekend) to start potting training and you need to prepare your toddler ahead of time. You have to get the right potty training equipment and accessories. When your child is sitting on the potty, it’s important for him to be able to lean slightly forward with his feet on the ground, especially when he’s having a bowel movement. Most experts advise buying a child-size potty, which your toddler can claim for his own and which will also feel more secure to him than sitting on a full-size toilet. Many toddlers are afraid of falling into the toilet, and their anxiety can interfere with potty training. They are also afraid of being in the toilet alone and away from the rest of the family, so get them their own potty that can out used anywhere.